Five Principles of a true Mu’tazilee
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
The noble Shaykh Zayd ibn Muhammad al-Madkhalee (may Allaah preserve him) stated:
“I say, that the Mu’tazilah are not just one group rather they are numerous. Some of the scholars by way of careful study and observation have arrived to them being twenty groups. Each group declaring the rest of the groups as being disbelievers except that they agree upon five principles. Whoever doesn’t speak with all of these principles then the person is not a true Mu’tazilee with them.
The five principles are:
1. At-Tawheed (Monotheism): With them this entails the affair of At-Ta’teel (Denial) and that is by the negation of the attributes (that have been established by the Qur’aan and Sunnah) from Allaah.
2. Al-’Adl (Justice): With them this entails the denial of the divine decree.
3. Al-Manzilah baynal Manzilatayn (The station that is between two station): With them this means that al-Faasiq al-Millee (the criminal who is a Muslim) is not named a muslim from any angle. Likewise he is not named a disbeliever. So they put him on a station between two stations. This is (his status) in the life of this world. As for in the hereafter, if the Muwahhid (monotheist) died while being one who committed a major sin from the major sins and he didn’t repent from it, then he will abide forever in the hell-fire. There will no portion for him of intercession. Nor will there be any portion of the paradise for him. This is the case even if he was from the people of Tawheed, Salaah, Siyaam and other than that from the outward affairs (of Islaam). This is how the affair is with these evil people.
4. Infaadh al-Wa’eed (The carrying out of the threat): With them this means that the criminals who Muslims will be in the hell-fire forever to abide therein and they will not come out of it due to intercession nor other than that. This is similar to that which the Khawaarij say.
5. Al-Amr bil-Ma’roof wan Nahyi a’nil-Munkar (The commanding of the right and the forbidden of that which is wrong): This means with them the rebelling against the Muslim rulers who are corrupt and fighting against them with arms. They do this not holding to the advice of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) of hearing and obeying the Muslim ruler as long as there hasn’t appeared from him clear disbelief that there is a proof for from Allaah.”
Taken from: “Ash-Shurooq alaa al-Furooq…” by Shaykh Zayd al-Madkhalee (may Allaah preserve him) pg. 198
Translated by Abu Yusuf Khaleefah 2nd of Jumaadaa al-Aakhirah 1433/ April 23 2012